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山东变速箱维修:进水怎么解决?

发布日期: 2019-05-28 来源: http://www.chinabjjy.com/ 点击:

  山东变速箱维修:进水怎么解决?变速箱进水也有一定程度的不同,早期维修可节省数万元,当车辆涉水时,不仅发动机容易进水,而且变速箱也容易进水,造成齿轮磨损、声音异常甚至“撞入车内”等后果。上周我们介绍了怎样修理泡沫车,这个问题我们将介绍传播将水时,如何判断水传播的程度,水的传输后的修复和成本,和水的传输疑似所有者提供一些参考建议。

  Shandong gearbox maintenance: how to solve the problem of water intake? The water intake of gearbox is also different to a certain extent. Early maintenance can save tens of thousands of yuan. When vehicles wade into water, not only the engine is easy to enter water, but also the gearbox is easy to enter water, resulting in gear wear, abnormal sound and even "crash into the car" and other consequences. Last week, we introduced how to repair foam cars. We will introduce how to judge the degree of water transmission, how to repair and cost the water after transmission, and how to provide some reference for the suspected owners of water transmission.
  有两种情况会导致水进入变速箱
  There are two conditions that can cause water to enter the gearbox进入变速箱的进水口主要从排气口进入。由于变速箱不是完全密封的,水本身有可能直接从排气口进入。当变速器运行时,如果它是由水冷却的,并且水位很高,就有可能通过排气孔把水吸进来。一般情况下,变速器进水主要由以下两种情况引起:
  The water inlet into the gearbox mainly enters from the exhaust port. Since the gearbox is not fully sealed, water itself may enter directly from the exhaust port. When the transmission is running, if it is cooled by water and the water level is high, it is possible to suck water through the exhaust hole. Generally, the transmission water intake is mainly caused by the following two situations:
  情况1:水超过车轮的2/3
  Case 1: Water exceeds 2/3 of the wheel.
  一种情况是汽车进水。具体的标准是,如果水是车轮的2/3以上,那么水进入变速箱的概率大约是80%到90%,如果水没有越过仪表板的位置,那么变速箱就是100%的水。
  The first case is that the car is flooded. Specifically, if water is more than two-thirds of the wheel, the probability of water entering the gearbox is about 80% to 90%. If water does not cross the dashboard, then the gearbox is 100% water.
  情况二:开会时水波进入变速箱
  Situation 2: Water waves enter the gearbox during the meeting第二种情况是在开会时,如果路面积水过多,那么由此产生的水雾打在汽车上,也可能导致积水传播。
  In the second case, if there is too much water on the road during the meeting, the resulting water mist will hit the car, which may also lead to the spread of water accumulation.
  变速箱中有三种等级的湿度
  There are three grades of humidity in the gearbox庆阳自动变速器维修中心车间经理荣正熙表示,变速器进水可分为三个不同程度的严重程度,具体判断方法如下:
  Rong Zhengxi, workshop manager of Qingyang Automatic Transmission Maintenance Center, said that the water intake of transmission can be divided into three different degrees of severity. The specific judgment methods are as follows:
  严重进水:观察油和水的混合物进行鉴别
  Severe Influent: Observe the Mixture of Oil and Water for Identification变速箱进水比较严重,可以直接观察到通过排油。这样做的方法是从变速箱中排放油。如果你观察油和水的混合物,以获得更多的水,你可以判断它的颜色和粘度。
  The water intake of gearbox is serious, and the oil discharge can be observed directly. The way to do this is to drain oil from the gearbox. If you look at the mixture of oil and water to get more water, you can judge its color and viscosity.
  进水介质:油底壳内出现白色沉积物
  Intake medium: white sediment in oil pan
  如果无法确定水是否流经排水沟,则需要进一步检查。方法是除去油底壳并观察。因为如果输送水、油和水混合会产生白色乳剂,并附着在油底壳上,如果观察到这种沉积物,那么输送的就是介质水。
  If it is not possible to determine whether water flows through a drainage ditch, further checks are needed. The method is to remove the oil pan and observe it. Because if water, oil and water are mixed, a white emulsion will be produced and attached to the oil pan. If this sediment is observed, then the medium water will be transported.
  轻水:变速箱上的一些螺丝生锈
  Light Water: Some of the screws on the gearbox are rusty如果以上两种方法都不能确定,则需要通过拆下螺丝观察变速箱。由于油和水混合后,会腐蚀钢螺丝,如果在发现怀疑是水的传动后发现一些螺丝生锈,可以判断传动是轻水,而且含水量不会太大。
  If neither of the above methods is certain, the gearbox needs to be observed by removing the screw. Because the steel screw will be corroded when oil and water are mixed, if some screw is found to be rusty after suspected water transmission, it can be judged that the transmission is light water, and the water content will not be too large.
  针对不同的进气口状况提供维修建议
  Provide maintenance suggestions for different intake conditions严重进水:应更换至少3个Serious water intake: at least 3 should be replaced对于进水严重的变速箱,有很多部件需要更换。下面列出了六个维护项目。第二,更换摩擦片,由于摩擦片由钢材和高密度木脂材料组成,在水中膨胀会影响摩擦效果;第三,传动油和差速器油也需要完全更换;第四,当水严重时,应更换链轮;第五,是否更换变速箱阀要视情况而定,因为如果更换变速箱水润滑效果会减弱;第六,如果自动变速器的多功能开关等部件必须更换韦德。
  For the gearbox with serious water intake, many parts need to be replaced. Six maintenance projects are listed below. Secondly, change the friction disc, because the friction disc is composed of steel and high-density wood resin material, expansion in water will affect the friction effect; thirdly, transmission oil and differential oil also need to be completely replaced; fourthly, when the water is serious, the sprocket should be replaced; fifthly, whether to replace the gearbox valve depends on the situation, because if the water lubrication effect of the gearbox is replaced, it will weaken; sixthly, if the water lubrication effect of the gearbox changes automatically. The multi-function switch and other components of the speed device must be replaced by Wade.
  介质进水:必须更换摩擦盘、油封等部件
  Medium Intake: Friction Disk, Oil Seal and Other Components Must be Replaced中等进水时需要更换的部件要比严重进水时少得多,但必须彻底更换垫圈、油封、摩擦垫、传动油和差速器油等部件。如自动变速器多功能开关等部件也需要更换。
                        山东变速箱维修
  There are fewer parts to be replaced in medium water intake than in severe water intake, but gaskets, oil seals, friction pads, transmission oil and differential oil must be replaced thoroughly. For example, automatic transmission multi-function switch and other components also need to be replaced.
  小水:较好更换传动油和差速器油
  Xiaoshui: It's better to replace transmission oil and differential oil.
  维持少量进水与维持中等进水相似,但主要是预防性的。较好更换橡胶圈、油封、摩擦板等部件,延长使用寿命,建议更换传动油和差速器油。
  Maintaining small intake is similar to maintaining medium intake, but mainly preventive. It is better to replace rubber ring, oil seal, friction plate and other components to prolong service life. It is recommended to replace transmission oil and differential oil.
  特殊情况:部分新车型需要更换变速器总成
  Special case: Some new models need to replace transmission assembly除了上述三种水情况,记者了解到,一些新模型,因为交货时间相对较短,加上传输是新的,制造商不能提供油封及其他一次性用品,加上市场也难以购买这些配件,所以一旦水,只能选择更换变速箱总成。
  In addition to the above three water conditions, the reporter learned that some new models, because the delivery time is relatively short, coupled with the transmission is new, manufacturers can not provide oil seals and other disposable supplies, plus the market is difficult to buy these accessories, so once the water, only choose to replace the gearbox assembly.
  特别提醒:维修变速箱还需要清洗冷却油通道
  Special caution: Maintenance of gearbox also requires cleaning of cooling oil passage但这并不意味着在变速箱维修中心修复了涉水变速箱之后就结束了。由于涉水车的冷却油导管仍然存在水,如果直接安装水将再次进入变速器。因此,维修中心也将安装在变速器上的汽车,热油通道将全部被水清除。
  But that doesn't mean it's over after the water-wading gearbox has been repaired in the gearbox maintenance center. Since there is still water in the cooling oil conduit of the wading car, if the water is installed directly, it will enter the transmission again. Therefore, the maintenance center will also be installed on the transmission of the car, the hot oil channel will be completely removed by water.
  维修费用从几千到几万不等
  Maintenance costs range from thousands to tens of thousands一般维修费用1万元以上General maintenance cost over 10,000 yuan根据模型和水的严重程度,维持传播的成本会有所不同。庆阳雪Yanxiang股份自动变速器服务中心主任,说他们会买水传输结束维护方式,里面所有的合成油密封,更换如果韦德的车是新的,没有其他部分受损,所以修复传输的成本应该在10000到15000元之间。有些车很轻,更换变速箱油和油封只需几千美元。但假如同时还存在法兰轴磨损等情况,在此基础上维修费用可增加5000元左右。此外,如果涉及到一些电气元件,成本也会增加。
  更换阀体、双离合器等部件成本较高
  Replacement of valve body, double clutch and other components costs higher当然,也有一些特殊的情况。例如,对于一些机电一体化的型号,由于变速箱的阀体无法拆卸清洗,一旦进水必须更换阀体,一个阀体的价格约为2万元。此外,双离合器变速箱比普通变速箱涉水后的保养费用也要高,因为双离合器位于变速箱外,如果离合器进水无法修复,那么只能建议更换,费用为7000元至10000元。如果之前提到的链轮需要更换,价格在7000元左右。
  Of course, there are also some special situations. For example, for some Mechatronics models, because the valve body of the gearbox can not be removed and cleaned, once the water has to be replaced, the price of a valve body is about 20,000 yuan. In addition, the maintenance cost of the double clutch gearbox is higher than that of the ordinary gearbox after wading, because the double clutch is located outside the gearbox. If the clutch can not be repaired, then only replacement can be recommended. The cost is 7,000 yuan to 10,000 yuan. If the sprocket mentioned above needs to be replaced, the price will be around 7000 yuan.
  延误修理时间或造成损失的三至五倍以上
  Delaying repair time or causing loss of more than three to five times综上所述,在目前的市场上,如果水非常严重,像大众这样的车型的变速箱的平均维护费用超过2万元。如果情况特别严重,费用可能达到4 - 5万元。和维修前,成本会降低,如果变速箱略水和不及时修理,很长一段时间可能会导致一系列的问题,如石油泄漏、异常声音,“冲车”现象,在此之前老板甚至会修复3到5倍以上,超过一万元。
  To sum up, in the current market, if the water is very serious, the average maintenance cost of gearboxes for vehicles like Volkswagen is more than 20,000 yuan. If the situation is particularly serious, the cost may reach 40 - 50,000 yuan. And before maintenance, the cost will be reduced. If the gearbox is slightly watered and not repaired in time, a long period of time may lead to a series of problems, such as oil spill, abnormal sound, and "rush" phenomenon. Before that, the boss will even repair more than three to five times, more than 10,000 yuan.
  输水怀疑提前维修
  Suspected early maintenance of water conveyance较好彻底更换传动油
  It's better to replace the transmission oil thoroughly.
  袁的马自达2在上个月底被淹并熄火,目前已经修好,可以运行,但他担心变速箱也被淹了。类似一个变速箱怀疑但不及时修复水,雪Yanxiang股份的建议,业主不能有太多的机会,积极的预防是较好的政策,甚至水并不是特别严重,至少应该完全取代传输流体,消除安全隐患,这是较多一千元的成本。
  Yuan's Mazda 2 was flooded and extinguished at the end of last month. It is now repaired and operational, but he fears that the gearbox will also be flooded. Similar to the suspicion of a gearbox but not timely repair of water, Xue Yanxiang shares suggested that owners should not have too many opportunities, active prevention is the best policy, even water is not particularly serious, at least should completely replace the transmission fluid, eliminate potential safety hazards, which is the maximum cost of 1,000 yuan.
  尽快到4S店进行彻底检查
  Carry out thorough inspection to 4S shop as soon as possible除了换油,她还建议,车的主人较好去4 s店,要求维修人员打开油箱盖彻底检查传播,因为如果汽车的变速器是只有少量的水,再加上一段时间没有开车,很难检查出来,即使石油释放,让水完全出来是很困难的。
  In addition to changing the oil, she also suggested that the owner of the car should go to the 4S shop and ask the maintenance personnel to open the tank cover for thorough inspection and dissemination, because if the car's transmission is only a small amount of water, plus a period of time without driving, it is difficult to check it out, even if the oil is released, it is very difficult to let the water out completely.
  尽快送到4S店进行检查,不仅能尽快消除变速器的隐患,还能避免因维修时间延误而造成的昂贵的自费问题。车主与4S店沟通后,可对变速箱进行彻底检查并出具检测报告。如果在未来出现问题,车主也可以有证据来检查和维护自己的利益。
  Send it to 4S shop for inspection as soon as possible, not only eliminating the hidden trouble of transmission as soon as possible, but also avoiding the expensive self-expenditure caused by the delay of maintenance time. After the owner communicates with 4S shop, he can thoroughly check the gearbox and issue a test report. If problems arise in the future, car owners can also have evidence to check and safeguard their interests.
  在工作台上,这种水进入变速器后拆卸,释放出大量的黄色乳剂油和水的混合物,如果变速器进水后不及时清洗,内部零件容易损坏。
  On the workbench, the water is disassembled after entering the transmission, releasing a large amount of yellow emulsion oil and water mixture. If the transmission is not cleaned in time after entering the water, the internal parts are easily damaged.
  摩擦垫是由钢和高密度木材润滑脂组合而成。如果变速箱被淹没,摩擦板的厚度就会膨胀,间隙就会变小。
  Friction pad is a combination of steel and high density wood grease. If the gearbox is submerged, the thickness of the friction plate will expand and the clearance will become smaller.
  变速箱已被确认被淹,维修人员正在拆卸变速箱,以便先把积水清除。后需更换摩擦片、胶圈、油封等部件。
  The gearbox has been confirmed to be flooded. Maintenance personnel are dismantling the gearbox in order to remove the accumulated water first. After that, the friction plate, rubber ring, oil seal and other components should be replaced.
  这台变速箱已经无法确定水是否通过油的排出,所以我们需要观察油底壳。你可以看到左下角的油锅与一个明确的沉淀混合物的油和水。
  This gearbox is no longer sure whether water is discharged through oil, so we need to observe the oil pan. You can see oil and water in the lower left corner of the pan with a clear precipitation mixture.
  这些变速箱进水严重,表土和锈迹明显。我们需要把它们全部拆卸下来,以确定内部的损坏情况以及随后的维修费用。
  These gearboxes have serious water intake, obvious surface soil and rust stains. We need to take them all down to determine the internal damage and subsequent maintenance costs.
  很明显,变速箱里的各个螺丝都生锈了,而且肯定被浇过水了。
  Obviously, all the screws in the gearbox are rusty and must have been watered.
  将水放入扭转变流器中进行切割,将含有水的油进行清理,更换橡胶圈、油封和摩擦片等部件后再焊接,这比更换一个新的扭转变流器节省7.8万元。
  Water is put into the torsional converter for cutting, oil containing water is cleaned up, rubber rings, oil seals and friction discs are replaced and then welded, which saves 78,000 yuan compared with replacing a new torsional converter.
 

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